Hedges Function in Masculine and Feminine Feature’s Language: A Pragmatics Analysis

Dinda Noor Azizah


The purpose of this study is to criticize the gender language features proposed by Coates (2013) proposed in Lakoff's theory (1975) by investigating speeches expressed by two different genders in interviews. The method used in this research is the descriptive qualitative method. Data were analyzed based on the theory of Coates (2013) to find language features based on gender and use the taxonomy of the hedging strategy proposed by Martin-Martin (2008). The results of the research show that male-female language features can be used by the opposite gender by looking at the perspective of the use of hedges and strategies in the concept of speech expressed by gender (male, female).

Keywords: feature language; gender; hedges; hedging

Full Text:



Almusaway, Estabraq R., Hussein D. Al-Hassnawi, Maarif J. Thamir, and Article Info. 2019. “Hedging in Interview Questions as a Politeness Strategy.” Journal of University of Babylon for Humanities (27).

Bowen, Glenn A. 2009. “Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method.” Qualitative Research Journal 9(2):27–40.

Brown, Penelope, and Stephen C. Levinson. 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Coates, J. 2013. Women, Men and Language. London: Routledge.

Hassani, Maryam, and Pariya Razmdideh. 2019. “The Effect of Gender and Style Variables on Hedging Devices among Persian Speakers.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature 8(3):130.

Holmes, Janet. 1995. Women, Men and Politeness. New York: Routledge.

Holmes, Janet. 2008. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. London: Routledge.

Hyland, Ken. 2000. “Hedges, Boosters and Lexical Invisibility: Noticing Modifiers in Academic Texts.” Language Awareness 9(4):179–97.

Kholisoh, Ninis Nur, and Slamet Setiawan. 2018. “Multifunction of Hedges Used by English Department Students: Gender Role Perspective.” 2nd Social Sciences, Humanities, and Education Conference (SoSHEC 2018) Multifunction 222.

Lakoff, Robin. 1975. Language and Woman’s Place. London: Harper & Row Publisher.

Liu, Chunhong, and Ming Yu Tseng. 2021. “Paradigmatic Variation in Hedging and Boosting: A Comparative Study of Discussions in Narrative Inquiry and Grounded Theory Research.” English for Specific Purposes 61:1–16.

Martín-Martín, Pedro. 2008. “The Mitigation of Scientific Claims in Research Papers: A Comparative Study.” IJES 8(2):133–52.

Mirzapour, Fatemeh. 2016. “Gender Differences in the Use of Hedges and First Person Pronouns in Research Articles of Applied Linguistics and Chemistry.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature 5(6):166–73.

Mohajer, Leila, and Jariah Mohd. Jan. 2015. “Preserving Face and the Use of Hedges in Masculine World of Men.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 208:13–20.

Namaziandost, Ehsan, and Sajad Shafiee. 2018. “Gender Differences in the Use of Lexical Hedges in Academic Spoken Language among Iranian EFL Learners: A Comparative Study.” International Journal of Research in English Education 3(4):63–80.

Preisler, Bent. 1986. “Linguistic Sex Roles in Conversation: Social Variation in the Expression of Tentativeness in English.” Language in Society 18(2):293–99.

Salager-Meyer, Francoise. 1997. “I Think That Perhaps You Should: A Study of Hedges in Written Scientific Discourse.”

Tanaka, Lidia. 2009. “Communicative Stances in Japanese Interviews: Gender Differences in Formal Interactions.” Language and Communication 29(4):366–82.

Tong, Rosemarie. 2009. Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction. Colorado: Westview Press.

Wang, Yang. 2016. “Research on Hedges in English News Reports.” 4th International Conference on Management Science, Education Technology, Arts, Social Science and Economics (MSETASSE 2016) 85.

Wright, John W., and Lawrence A. Hosman. 1983. “Language Style and Sex Bias in the Courtroom: The Effects of Male and Female Use of Hedges and Intensifiers on Impression Information.” Southern Speech Communication Journal 48(2):137–52.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v3i1.59-69


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Dinda Noor Azizah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by:  UIN Salatiga, ISSN  2656-8020  (Media Online)
Intending to improve the journal's quality since 28th October 2022, this journal has officially cooperated with INaPrA (Indonesian Pragmatics Association). See The MoU Manuscript.

Contact Us: Jl. Lingkar Salatiga Km. 02, Pulutan, Sidorejo, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia