Sociopragmatics Competence in The Characteristics of Banyumas Community Blakasuta

Erwita Nurdiyanto, Gita Anggria Resticka

Abstract


Banyumas people have characteristics and personalities that can be observed through the use of language. This is seen in terms of lexical peculiarities, tone of speech, and grammar structure. Banyumas language is used as the identity of banyumas people who are blakasuta (cablaka, thokmelong, outspoken). With this identity, it can be described how the sociopragmatics competence of banyumas people. This sociopragmatics competency is related to the ability of banyumas people to use language in accordance with certain social contexts or certain social conditions. which are understood by speakers and identify models of communication competencies in banyumas people who are blakasuta. The purpose of this study was to uncover the characteristics of blakasuta used in banyumas community and identify the forms of speech resulting in daily communication. This research is qualitative descriptive research using a sociopragmatics approach. The method of data collection uses observation techniques by interviewing directly to the informant. The results of this study show that the characteristics of banyumas people who are blakasuta can show the sociopragmatics competence of banyumas people in speech. Banyumas community communication patterns can be identified from the form of speech acts, type of speech acts, and speech acts strategy in each communication process. This cannot be separated from the cultural characteristics of banyumas people. Pragmatics competence relates to the cultural principles underlying the way banyumas people communicate, namely the principle of respecting others and the principle of avoiding open conflict to maintain a harmonious relationship.

Keywords: Sociopragmatics, Blakasuta, Banyumas


Full Text:

PDF

References


Beaulieu, S., Woll, N., French, L. M., & Duchemin, M. (2018). Language learners’ metasociolinguistic reflections: A window into developing sociolinguistic repertoires. System, 76, 210–218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2018.07.001

Chaer, A. (2007). Kajian Bahasa : Struktur Internal, Pemakaian dan Pemelajaran. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Chaer, A. dan L. A. (2004). Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Chang, Y. F. (2011). Interlanguage pragmatic development: The relation between pragmalinguistic competence and sociopragmatic competence. Language Sciences, 33(5), 786–798. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2011.02.002

Chang, Y. F., & Ren, W. (2020). Sociopragmatic competence in American and Chinese children’s realization of apology and refusal. Journal of Pragmatics, 164, 27–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2020.04.013

Faiz, A., Yulianti, A. I., & Septiana, D. (2020). Trump’s Speech about Jerusalem: An Analysis on Persuasive Strategies. Journal of Pragmatics Research, 2(2), 160–176. https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v2i2.160-176

Hassall, T. (2012). Sociopragmatics is slower: A reply to Chang. Language Sciences, 34(3), 376–380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2011.12.001

Herususanto. (2008). Banyumas: Sejarah, Budaya, Bahasa dan Ngapak. Yogyakarta: LKIS.

Jegede, O. O. (2020). Pragmatic Reference in Elvis Gbanabom Hallowell’s The Dining Table. Journal of Pragmatics Research, 2(1), 41–49. https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v2i1.41-49

Khotimah. (2017). Konstruksi Identitas Kultural “Wong Ngapak” melalui Konsumsi Media Dialek Banyumasan. Studi Budaya Nusantara, 1(2), 126–134.

Lexy, M. (2005). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nadar, F. . (2009). Pragmatik dan Penelitian Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Nur, D., & Rokhman, F. (2017). Kesantunan Berbahasa Mahasiswa dalam Berinteraksi di Lingkungan Universitas Tidar: Kajian Sosiopragmatik. Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 6(1), 44–52.

Nurjamily, W. O. (2015). Kesantunan Berbahasa dalam Lingkungan Keluarga (Kajian Sosiopragmatik). Jurnal Humanika, 3(15).

Paryono, Y. (2003). Keunikan Bahasa Jawa Dialek Banyumas sebagai Cerminan Identitas Masyarakat Banyumas. Surabaya: Balai Bahasa Surabaya.

Pawestri, A. G. (2020). Membangun Identitas Budaya Banyumasan Melalui Dialek Ngapak Di Media Sosial. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra, 19(2), 255–266. https://doi.org/10.17509/bs_jpbsp.v19i2.24791

Prabowo, D. S., & Mulyana, M. (2018). Bahasa Kasar Dialek Banyumasan. LingTera, 5(2), 99–111.

Prayitno, H. J. (2017). Studi Sosiopragmatik. surakarta: Muhammadiyah University Press.

Rokhman, F. (2003). Pemilihan Bahasa dalam Masyarakat Dwibahasa Kajian Sosiolinguistik di Banyumas. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Saddhono, K. (2012). Analisis Sosiopragmatik. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Sumarsono. (2014). Sosiolinguistik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Swann, J., & Deumert, A. (2018). Sociolinguistics and language creativity. Language Sciences, 65, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2017.06.002

Tobing, R. L. (2015). Tingkat Tutur dalam Budaya Jawa dan Batak : Analisis Sosiopragmatik. Diksi, 14(2), 102–110. https://doi.org/10.21831/diksi.v14i2.6592

Trentman, E. (2017). Oral fluency, sociolinguistic competence, and language contact: Arabic learners studying abroad in Egypt. System, 69, 54–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2017.08.007

Trianton, T. (2016). Bahasa sebagai Identitas dan Perlawanan Kultural Masyarakat Banyumas Pascakolonial. Purwokerto: Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto.

Wajdi, M. (2013). Sistem Kesantunan Masyarakat Tutur Jawa. Linguistika, 20, 1–34.

Widyastuti, W. (2019). The Analysis of Politeness Strategy Used By the Main Character of Novel “the Sun Also Rises.” Journal of Pragmatics Research, 1(2), 118–138. https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v1i2.118-138

Wijana, I. D. P. (2005). Pemertahanan Dialek Banyumas terhadap Dominasi Dialek Solo-Yogya. Humaniora, 17(2), 154–159.

Wijana, I. D. P. (2006). Sosiolinguistik Kajian Teori dan Analisis. Yogayakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Yule, G. (2006). Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v3i1.28-45

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Erwita Nurdiyanto, Gita Anggria Resticka

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Pragmatics Research is Indexed by:


Creative Commons License

JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS RESEARCH : http://e-journal.iainsalatiga.ac.id/index.php/jopr/index, E-ISSN : 2656-8020 , is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

JoPR E-ISSN : 2656-8020 , is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga, Indonesia and published Semi-annually every April and October.


IMPORTANT NOTE: THERE IS NO affiliation, association or endorsement between Elsevier's Journal of Pragmatics and Journal of Pragmatics Research, (JoPR).