Pengaruh Iri Hati Terhadap Munculnya Schadenfreude

Aufa Abdillah


Schadenfreude is a compound word of the word Schaden, which means loss, and
Freude, which means joy. It shows that envy plays an important role in generating
Schadenfreude; People are pleased with the misfortune of others when this
misfortune gives them a social comparison that increases the feeling of their selfesteem or removes the basic feelingof hurtful jealousy. This research method isexperiments with factorial design. The Sampling techniques uses RandomSampling. Analysis techniques are used with the correlation technique of PearsonProduct moment. The results of this study complement these opposing findings, indicating that envy is the Schadenfreude predictor when the target has the same gender. This research was conducted at one of the universities in Salatiga.

Schadenfreude adalah kata majemuk dari kata Schaden, yang berarti kerugian,
dan Freude, yang berarti sukacita. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa iri hati
memainkan peran penting dalam membangkitkan Schadenfreude; orang merasa
senang dengan ketidakberuntungan orang lain ketika ketidakberuntungan ini
memberi mereka perbandingan sosial yang meningkatkan perasaan harga diri
mereka atau menghilangkan dasar perasaan iri hati yang menyakitkan. Metode
penelitian dengan eksperimen dengan desain faktorial. Tehnik pengambilan
sampel menggunakan Random Sampling. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan
dengan tehnik korelasi Pearson Product Momen. Hasil penelitian ini melengkapi
temuan-temuan yang berlawanan ini, dengan menunjukkan bahwa iri hati
adalah prediktor Schadenfreude ketika targetnya memliki gender yang sama.
Penelitian ini dilakukan di salah satu universitas di Salatiga.


Schadenfreude; kemalangan orang lain; iri hati

Full Text:



Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and

interpreting interactions. London: Sage Ltd.

Ben-Ze’ev, A. (2000). The subtlety of emotions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Brigham, N. L., Kelso, K. A., Jackson, M. A., & Smith, R. H. (1997). The roles of invidious comparisons and deservingness in sympathy and

Schadenfreude. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 19, 363–380.

Chesler, P. (2009). Woman's Inhumanity to Woman. Chicago: Lawrence

Hill Books.

Crusius, J., & Mussweiler, T. (2012). When people want what others have: The impulsive side of envious desire. Emotion, 12, 142–153.

Eisenberg, N. (2000). Empathy and Sympathy. In M. Lewis & J.

HavilandJones (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (pp. 677–691). New

York: Guilford Press.

Elster, J. 1989. The cement of society. New York: Cambridge University


Feather, N. T. (1989). Attitudes towards the high achiever: The fall of the tall poppy. Australian Journal of Psychology, 41, 239–267.

Feather, N. T. (1994). Attitudes towards high achievers and reactions to

their fall: Theory and research concerning tall poppies. Advances in

Experimental Social Psychology, 26, 1–73.

Feather, N. T., & Nairn, K. (2005). Resentment, envy, Schadenfreude, and sympathy: Effects of own and other’s deserved or undeserved

status. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57, 87–102.

Feather, N. T., & Sherman, R. (2002). Envy, resentment, Schadenfreude, and sympathy: Reactions to deserved and undeserved

achievement and subsequent failure. Personality and Social

Psychology Bulletin, 28, 953–961.

Feather, N. T., Wenzel, M., & McKee, I. R. (2013). Integrating multiple

perspectives on Schadenfreude: The role of deservingness and

emotions. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 575–585.

Fiske, S. T. (2011). Envy up, scorn down: How status divides us. New York, NY: Russell Sage.

Gastorf, J. W., & Suls, J. (1978). Performance evaluation via social

comparison: Performance similarity versus related-attribute

similarity. Social Psychology, 41(4), 297–305.

Goethals, G. R., & Darley, J. (1977). Social comparison theory: An

attributional approach. In J. Suls & R. L. Miller (Eds.), Social

comparison processes: Theoretical and empirical perspectives (pp.

–278). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

Hareli, S., & Weiner, B. (2002). Dislike and envy as antecedents of

pleasure at another's misfortune. Motivation and Emotion, 26, (4),


Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York:


Leach, C. W., Spears, R., Branscombe, N. R., & Doosje, B. (2003). Malicious pleasure: Schadenfreude at the suffering of another group. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(5), 932–943.

Lockwood, P., & Kunda, Z. (1997). Superstars and me: Predicting the

impact of role models on the self. Journal of Personality and Social

Psychology, 73, (1), 91–103.

Major, B. (1994). From social inequality to personal entitlement: The

role of social comparisons, legitimacy appraisals, and group

membership. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social

Psychology, 26, 293–355). New York: Academic Press.

Major, B., Testa, M., & Bylsma, W. H. (1991). Responses to upward and

downward comparisons: The impact of esteem-relevance and

perceived control. In J. Suls & T. A. Wills (Eds.), Social comparison:

Contemporary theory and research (pp. 237–260). Hillsdale, NJ:


Miceli, M., & Castelfranchi, C. (2007). The envious mind. Cognition and

Emotion, 21, (3), 449–479.

Miller, D. T., Downs, J. S., & Prentice, D. A. (1998). Minimal conditions for the creation of a unit relationship: The social bond between

birthdaymates. European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, (3), 475–<475::AID-EJSP881>3.0.CO;2-M

Miller, D. T., Turnbull, W., & McFarland, C. (1988). Particularistic and

universalistic evaluation in the social comparison process. Journal

of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, (6), 908–917.

Mora, R. (1987). Egalitarian envy. New York: Paragon.

Ortony, A., Clore, G. L., & Collins, A. (1988). The cognitive structure of

emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Parrott, W. G. (1991). The emotional experience of envy and jealousy. In P. Salovey (Ed.), The psychology of jealousy and envy (p. 3–30).

Guilford Press.

Parrott, W. G., & Smith, R. H. (1993). Distinguishing the experiences of

envy and jealousy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64,

(6), 906–920.

Plato. (1925). Plato (H. N. Fowler & W. R. M. Lamb, Trans). New York:

Putnam. (Original work published 427–348 B. C.)

Schaubroeck, J., & Lam, S. S. K. (2004). Comparing lots before and after: Promotion rejectees' invidious reactions to promotees.

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 94, (1),


Smith, R. H. (1991). Envy and the sense of injustice. In P. Salovey (Ed.), The psychology of jealousy and envy. New York: Guilford Press.

Smith, R. H. (2000). Assimilative and contrastive emotional reactions to upward and downward social comparison. In J. Suls & L. Wheeler

(Eds.), Handbook of social comparison: Theory and research. New

York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press Publishers.

Smith, R. H., Turner, T. J., Garonzik, R., Leach, C. W., Urch-Druskat, V., & Weston, C. M. (1996). Envy and Schadenfreude. Personality and

Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, (2), 158-168.

Spinoza, B. (2002). Ethica (H. Krop, Trans). Amsterdam: Prometheus/

Bert Bakker. Original work published 1677.

Tesser, A. (1991). Emotion in social comparison and reflection processes. In J.Suls & T.A. Wills (Eds.), Social comparison: Contemporary theory and research, 115–145). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Tesser, A., Millar, M., & Moore, J. (1988). Some affective consequences of social comparison and reflection processes: The pain and plasure

of being close. Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 54, (1),

–61. DO - 10.1037//0022-3514.54.1.49

Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2012). Appraisal patterns of envy and related emotions. Motivation and Emotion, 36, (2), 195–204. doi: 10.1007/s11031-011-9235-8.

Van Dijk, W. W., Ouwerkerk, J. W., Goslinga, S., & Nieweg, M. (2005).

Deservingness and Schadenfreude. Cognition and Emotion, 19, (6),


Wood, J. V. (1989). Theory and research concerning social comparison of personal attributes. Psychological Bulletin, 106, (2), 231–248.





  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 IJIP : Indonesian Journal of Islamic Psychology

Creative Commons License Indonesian Journal of Islamic Psycology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.