Studying Islam in an age of disruption: towards knowledge integration

Asfa Widiyanto


This paper tries to offer an approach to studying Islam in the contemporary age by taking into account the socio-political contexts which surround the present-day Muslim communities. Islamophobia, post-truth, the era of identity, and post-orientalism pose new challenges to Islamic studies. The interdisciplinary approach is thus a necessity, in line with the complexity of the problems of contemporary Muslim societies. This study strives to investigate two main research problems, namely: (a) in which ways current socio-political circumstances pose challenges to the content and methodology of contemporary Islamic studies; (b) what kind of knowledge integration can be brought forward in response to these changing contexts. This paper argues that contemporary Islamic studies should move towards al-dirasa al-Islamiyya al-muwassa’a (Islamic studies in its widest sense) by integrating Islamic and modern scholarship. This knowledge integration is strategic in producing knowledge that is both up-to-date and deep-rooted in society. It should also involve the integration of perspectives and worldviews so that it may lead to the production of balanced knowledge, in the sense of not being trapped in apologetics and excessive criticism. This knowledge integration will be more embedded in society if it is developed into a knowledge culture.


Knowledge integration; Interdisciplinary Islamic studies; Balanced knowledge; Post-truth; Post-orientalism; Age of disruption

Full Text:



Abdullah, M. A. (1996). Studi Islam: Normativitas atau Historisitas. Pustaka Pelajar.

Abdullah, M. A. (2017). Islamic studies in higher education in Indonesia: Challenges, impact and prospects for the world community. Al-Jami’ah, 55(2), 391–426.

Abdullah, M. A. (2020). Multidisiplin, Interdisiplin, & Transdisiplin: Metode Studi Agama & Studi Islam Di Era Kontemporer. IB Pustaka.

al‘Alwani, T. J. (1995). The Islamization of knowledge: yesterday and today. American Journal of Islam and Society, 12(1), 81-101.

Bauer, T. (2011). Die Kultur der Ambiguität: eine andere Geschichte des Islams (The Culture of Ambiguity: Another History of Islam). Verlag der Weltreligionen.

Cook, M. (2004). Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought. Cambridge University Press.

Dabashi, H. (2008). Post-orientalism: Knowledge and Power in a Time of Terror. Transaction Publishers.

Ernst, C. W., & Martin, R. C. (2010). Introduction: Toward a post-orientalist Islamic approach to Islamic religious studies. Rethinking Islamic studies, 1-19.

Al-Faruqi, I. R. (1982). Islamization of knowledge. Herndon, VA: International Institute of Islamic Thought.

Hammer, J. (2016). Shifting Boundaries: The Study of Islam in the Humanities. The Muslim World, 106(4), 641–654.

Heidemann, B. (2012). We are the glue keeping civilization together: Post-Orientalism and counter-Orientalism in H.M. Naqvi’s Home Boy. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 48(3), 289–298.

Heit, H. (2018). There are no facts . . . : Nietzsche as Predecessor of Post-Truth ? Studia Philosophica Estonica, 11(1), 44–63.

Heschel, A. (1967). Insecurity of Freedom: Essays on Human Existence. Ambassador Books Ltd.

Heschel, A. (1976). Man is not alone: A Philosophy of Religion. Farrar, Strauss & Giroux.

Hughes, A. W. (2012). The study of Islam before and after September 11: a provocation. Method and Theory in the Study of Religion, 24(4–5), 314–336.

Junaedi, D. (2015). Living Qur’an: Sebuah Pendekatan Baru dalam Kajian Al-Qur’an (Living Qur'an, A New Approach in studying the Qur'an). Journal of Qur’an and Hadith Studies, 4(2), 169-190.

Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. K. H., & Cook, J. (2017). Beyond Misinformation: Understanding and Coping with the Post-Truth Era. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 6(4), 353–369.

Miftahuddin, M. (2016). Integrasi Pengetahuan Umum dan Keislaman di Indonesia: Studi Integrasi Keilmuan di Universitas Islam Negeri di Indonesia (Integrating secular and Islamic sciences in Indonesia: a study of knowledge integration in Indonesian Islamic higher education). Attarbiyah: Journal of Islamic Culture and Education, 1(1).

Mihailidis, P., & Viotty, S. (2017). Spreadable Spectacle in Digital Culture: Civic Expression, Fake News, and the Role of Media Literacies in Post-Fact Society. American Behavioral Scientist, 61(4), 441–454.

Nasr, S. H. (1964). Three Muslim Sages: Avicenna-Suhrawardi-Ibn ‘Arabi. Harvard University Press.

Nurdin, A. A. (2009). Islamic Political Party and Democracy: A Comparative Study of PKS in Indonesia and PAS in Malaysia (1998-2005).

Pouillion, F. (2015). After Orientalism: Critical Perspectives on Western Agency and Eastern Re-appropriations. Brill.

Ramadan, T. (2004). Western Muslims and the Future of Islam. Oxford University Press.

Schimmel, A. (1975). Mystical Dimensions of Islam Title. The University of North Carolina Press.

Schimmel, A. (1985). And Muhammad is His Messenger: The Veneration of the Prophet in Islamic Piety. The University of North Carolina Press.

Schimmel, A. (1992). Mystische Dimensionen des Islam: Die Geschichte des Sufismus (Mystical Dimensions of Islam: The History of Sufism). Diederichs Verlag.

Stiegler, Bernard. (2019). The Age of Disruption: Technology and Madness in Computational Capitalism. Polity Press.

Strong, S. (2017). Alternative Facts and the Post-Truth Society: Meeting the Challenge. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 165(1), 137.

Suhrawardi, Shahab al-Din. (n.d.). Hikmat al-Ishraq (Philosophy of Illumination). Manuscript Leiden Or. 753.

Talib, 'Ali ibn Abi. (2000). Nahj al-balaghah. Mashhoor Publishing Institute.

Webb, A., & Photos, M. (2017). The Evangelical Roots of Our Post-Truth Society. The New York Times, 1–3.

Widiyanto, A. (2021). Between Political Legitimacy and Social Fabric of Society: Imamite-Shiite Interpretation of Qur’anic Verse 16: 90. Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies, 17(1), 28-55.

Widiyanto, A. (2018). Nation-building, belonging and multiculturalism in Indonesia: Contextualising Ibn Khaldun’s theories and beyond. İbn Haldun Çalışmaları Dergisi.

Zayd, N. H. A. (2004). Rethinking the Qur’an: Towards a Humanistic Hermeneutics. Universiteit Voor Humanistiek, 1–63. Nasr Abu Zayd.pdf



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Postgraduate Program of State Islamic University (UIN) Salatiga
Jl. Lingkar Salatiga Km. 02 Salatiga, Indonesia